Williamsburg

The area which became Williamsburg was settled in 1632 and called Middle Plantation. It was so named due to its location on high ground about half-way across the Virginia Peninsula between the James River and York River. A stockade across the peninsula, which was about 6 miles wide at that point between College Creek and Queen's Creek (which each fed into one of the two rivers) provided some security from attacks by the Native Americans for colonists farming and fishing lower on the Peninsula from that point. The area of Middle Plantation was included in James City Shire when it was established 2 years later in 1634, as the Colony reached a total population of approximately 5,000. (James City Shire changed its name and became known as James City County). Jamestown, which had been the original capital of Virginia Colony, remained as such until its burning during the events of Bacon's Rebellion in 1676. Immediately after Governor William Berkeley regained control, temporary quarters for the functions of the seat of government were established about 12 miles away on the high ground at Middle Plantation while the Statehouse at Jamestown was rebuilt. The Burgesses found the surroundings both safer and more pleasant environmentally than Jamestown, which was muggy and plagued with mosquitos. A school of higher education had long been an aspiration of the colonists. An early attempt at Henricus failed after the Indian Massacre of 1622. The location at the outskirts of the developed part of the colony had left it more vulnerable to the attack. In the 1690s, the colonists tried again and sent Reverend James Blair who spent several years in England lobbying and finally obtained a royal charter for the desired new school, which was named the College of William and Mary in honor of the monarchs of the time. When Reverend Blair returned to Virginia, the new school was founded in a safe place, Middle Plantation in 1693. Classes began in temporary quarters in 1694, and the College Building, a precursor to the Wren Building, was soon under construction. Four years later, the rebuilt statehouse in Jamestown burned again (in 1698), this time accidentally. The government once again relocated temporarily to Middle Plantation, but now enjoyed use of the College's facilities in addition to the better climate. After that fire, upon suggestion of the students of the College, who made a presentation to the House of Burgesses, the colonial capital was permanently moved to Middle Plantation in 1699. A village was laid out and Middle Plantation was renamed Williamsburg in honor of King William III of England, befitting the town's newly elevated status. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Williamsburg, VA | (757) 221-6607
www.boxwoodinn.com

This Williamsburg Bed and Breakfast offers accommodations to suit the needs of every individual who travels to Virginia. The...

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Williamsburg, VA | (757) 229-0400
www.choicehotels.com

Welcome to the Rodeway Inn & Suites, conveniently located less than two miles from Busch Gardens Williamsburg, Water Country USA...

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Williamsburg, VA | (757) 229-0500
www.super8.com

We are conveniently located just minutes away from all the local attractions including Colonial Williamsburg, the outlets, theme...

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Williamsburg, VA | (757) 229-7564

Colonial Williamsburg Visitors Center 1/4 mi. Busch Gardens three miles. RCTV w/radios, CBTV & ESPN. Free deluxe continental...

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Williamsburg, VA | (757) 565-0090

This Super 8 is located approximately seven miles from Busch Gardens, five miles from Colonial Williamsburg, five miles from...

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Williamsburg, VA | (757) 253-1087

This property is located in the heart of Colonial Williamsburg near the historic area Busch Gardens 3 miles, Water Country 5...

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Williamsburg, VA | (757) 253-6450
www.choicehotels.com

The Econo Lodge Colonial is one quarter mile from the Colonial Parkway and near Colonial Williamsburg, Jamestown Settlement, Busch...

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Williamsburg, VA | (757) 229-5060

Let Us Help You Discover Part Of Our Nations Rich History. Stay at our chairmans award winning hotel, located a mere 3/4 mile from...

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Williamsburg, VA | (757) 229-5215

Country Hearth Inn Has All The Charm Of A Bed-N-Breakfast With All The Conveniences Of A Colonial Hotel. Enjoy Your Complimentary...

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Williamsburg, VA | (757) 566-2133
www.americanheritagervpark.com

Visit Virginia's beautiful Historic Triangle, where American History is brought to life. Our Park is located just eight miles from...

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